Misconception: Students use incorrect basic syntax for HTML elements, attributes, and values.

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  • Consider the following incorrect solution to aligning an element’s text to the right:
    • <align=”right”>Sidebar</align>
      • align is an attribute of a tag, but not a tag in itself. This misunderstand results in an inability to complete the task successfully.
      • If align were used as an attribute to a tag like the div tag or the paragraph tag, the text alignment would be changed successfully.
        • <p align=”right”>Sidebar</p>
        • <div align=”right”>Sidebar</div>
  • This type of error is called a knowledge-based error. It occurs as a result of significant gaps in knowledge regarding the basic syntax and semantics of HTML elements, including tags, attributes, and value. Resolving these types of errors successful involves substantial learning.
External Source: 

"Towards a Taxonomy of Errors in HTML and CSS" by Thomas Park, Ankur Saxena, Swathi Jagannath, Susan Wiedenbeck, and Andrea Forte.